Uttarakhand passes Uniform Civil Code (UCC)

Uttarakhand became the first state in India to implement a Uniform Civil Code

CM Pushkar Singh implements UCC in uttarakhand / Image - X, OfficeofDhami

The State Assembly of Uttarakhand has passed the Uniform Civil Code (UCC) Bill, introduced by CM Pushkar Singh Dhami to became the first state in the country to establish a common law for marriage, divorce, property inheritance, and other issues for all religions.

The Uniform Civil Code establishes a common law for marriage, divorce, property inheritance, and other issues that were previously controlled by personal laws of all religions. The common code prohibits bigamy (marrying one person while remaining legally married to another) and polygamy (having numerous spouses at the same time).

Under the direction of former Supreme Court judge Justice Ranjana P. Desai, a high-level committee constituted by the Uttarakhand government produced a draft of the UCC Bill.

The PM Modi-led government intends to implement a similar law at the national level, with BJP-ruled states such as Gujarat and Assam already in the process of enacting UCC legislation. 

The Uttarakhand government has made it clear that members of the Scheduled Tribes (ST) community will be exempt from the Uniform Civil Code. The Uniform Civil Code (UCC) shall not be applicable to "members of any Scheduled Tribes within the meaning of clause (25) of Article 366 read with Article 142 of the Constitution of India and the persons and group of persons whose customary rights are protected under Part XXI of the Constitution of India,” as per a statement.