Home Minister Amit Shah introduced three pivotal bills in the Lok Sabha on August 11, signifying a change in India's criminal justice system. A motion to replace the Indian Penal Code, 1860, Criminal Procedure Code, (1898), 1973 and Indian Evidence Act, 1872 by The Bharatiya Nyaya Sanhita Bill, 2023, Bharatiya Nagarik Suraksha Sanhita Bill, 2023, and Bharatiya Sakhshya Bill, 2023 was presented.
Shah highlighted the significance of the bills as part of the Azadi ka Amrit Mahotsav, marking the transition from the era of independence to the Amrit Kaal of rejuvenation. He emphasized the bills' alignment with Prime Minister Narendra Modi's vision of ending laws influenced by British rule and the beginning of a modern Indian legal framework.
Shah emphasized that these bills safeguard citizens' constitutional rights. Instead of just punishing, the focus is on preventing crime and ensuring fast fair justice. This approach, different from before, is backed by input from judges, experts, scholars, MPs, and the public, making these reforms comprehensive and inclusive.
The changes in the laws are significant, making them more efficient and effective. Modern technologies, digital processes, and faster trial methods, like video conferencing and better forensics, are key parts of these changes.
Importantly, the bills put crimes against women and children first. They also bring in the 'Zero FIR' concept, making it easier to report crimes anywhere and a focus on protecting victims, being open and making decisions quickly.