Indian PM Modi unveils coalition cabinet dominated by his party

Key ministerial posts such as Defense, Finance, Home and External Affairs, remained unchanged, signaling broad policy continuity.

PM chaired a first Union Cabinet meeting, in New Delhi on June 10, 2024. / PIB

New Delhi, India- Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi unveiled on June 10 his coalition government after a surprise election setback cost his Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) an overall majority.

The 71 members of his government took the oath of office after Modi on Sunday, with 11 posts going to coalition allies who extracted them in exchange for their support, including five in the top 30 cabinet posts.

But Modi's Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) old guard dominate the list, with key posts unchanged, signaling broad policy continuity. That includes BJP loyalists Rajnath Singh, Amit Shah, Nitin Gadkari, Nirmala Sitharaman and S. Jaishankar—the defence, interior, transport, finance and foreign ministers, respectively—staying on in their jobs.

Powerful BJP president Jagat Prakash Nadda was named as health minister. Posts given to coalition leaders include civil aviation, to Kinjarapu Rammohan Naidu of the Telugu Desam Party (TDP), the BJP's biggest ally. Other coalition posts include smaller ministries such as heavy industry, food processing and fisheries.

There are no Muslim lawmakers among his third-term lineup, unlike his past two governments, both formed after his right-wing BJP won a majority. Modi's decade as premier has seen him cultivate an image as an aggressive champion of the country's majority Hindu faith, worrying minorities including the country's 200-million-plus Muslim community. 

Seven of the 71 ministers are women, with two in the top cabinet.

"Honoured to serve Bharat", Modi wrote after he was sworn into office, using the country's name in Sanskrit, a word dating back to ancient Hindu scriptures.

He held his first cabinet meeting June 10 evening, where plans were approved for assistance for 30 million new homes for poor families.

Modi had been forced into quick-fire talks with coalition partners in the National Democratic Alliance (NDA), whose 293 seats guaranteed him the parliamentary numbers to govern.


Old guards dominate

Earlier on June 10, Modi took his first action, approving the latest tranche of a cash handout for 93 million farmers. Two-thirds of India's 1.4 billion people draw their livelihood from agriculture, which accounts for nearly a fifth of the country's gross domestic product.

Despite the BJP dominance in the cabinet, the coalition means Modi must seek greater consensus in this parliament.

The TDP from Andhra Pradesh is led by veteran politician Chandrababu Naidu, who began his political career with Congress, the biggest opposition party to the BJP. The next biggest, the Janata Dal (United) party of Bihar, is headed by Nitish Kumar, who has a history of frequently changing his allegiance to and from the BJP to suit his interests.

He was one of the founding members of the opposition alliance that competed against Modi in this year's election, but switched sides just weeks before the vote began.

Modi's chief rival Rahul Gandhi was nominated on June 8 to lead India's opposition in parliament, after he defied forecasts to help the Congress party nearly double its seats.

No date has been set for the opening of parliament, but Indian media have reported the new session is expected to begin next week, when the speaker will be elected.